By Msololo Onditi, Climate Action Network Tanzania
Have you ever thought that climate induced loses and damages affect not only material and physical things, but also cultural practices, knowledge and how community interacts in different cultural settings? This was revealed during a 3 days training based on Climate induced Loss and Damage in Tanzania
Organized by Climate Action Network Tanzania and Bread for the World, the training brought together different participants from Local government authorities, the Civil Society Organizations, Ministry of agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, and media. Importantly, the participants were exposed to a thorough discussion and internalization of the whole concepts of climate induced loss and damage in Tanzania. During the training, among other things, it was made clear that more emphasis are to be in place to address loss and damage in terms of building preventative resilience, managing risk, assisting in rehabilitation and providing redress in the event of permanent loss. On top of that, institutional arrangements also was thought of as an option to support loss and damage using assistance in recovery and rehabilitation from the impacts of climate-related hazards sometimes using initiatives such as risk pooling and risk transfer. But the question remains, are these initiatives going to address loss of identity among the community? Is this also going to rehabilitate local knowledge’s and social cohesions? May be this requires the implementation of early warning systems as well as timely and accurate weather information at the local level before the damages and looses.
It should be noted that, in most of the climate discussions, loss and damage is being mainly focusing on economic and non-economic material, but it is there crucial to re-think and put more efforts on the non-economic non material loses and damages as they touch the roots and origin of most of the vulnerable communities in different localities in Tanzania
If the current pace of the climate induced loss and damage will remain unchecked and addressed in Tanzania, most of the communities in the country will completely evade identity, social cohesions and important knowledge that could be integrated with scientific approaches for community based adaptation initiatives and reducing the loses and damages. This is due to the fact that there are some local practices that needs little modifications to help in adapting to or coping with different climate change shocks including mapping the hazards and levels of current and future vulnerability levels for sustainable reduced climate related loss and damage