At present, Renewable Energy (RE) development is emphasized to accomplish the Sustainable Development Goals as well as a better realization of sustainable development globally. Tanzania, like other developing countries, is striving to adopt different ways of ensuring affordable and accessible energy supply to its socioeconomic and political sectors.
The solutions of enhancing RE within the country could be: to harmonize policies addressing issues on Renewable Energy utilization, having an energy desk representative at district and village level, cooperating with the private sectors on promoting the off-grid solutions, developing a stand-alone RE policy, raising awareness with practical instrumental support and regular review of the existing policies to ensure encouragement of private investment in the energy sector.
The RE sector within Tanzania faces challenges including shortage of human resource and training, high initial investment cost, poor community awareness and information flow, lack of incorporating RE issue on policies, strategies and plans and inadequate and unfriendly institutional framework. Furthermore, the country does not have a clear-cut policy on the development and promotion of RE, which continues to be undertaken within an energy planning and policy vacuum. As a result, RE development follows an ad hoc path, with no clear link to national power master plans, besides them being rarely available or out dated.
As part of the project “Aligning Climate Resilience, Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania” implemented by Climate Action Network Tanzania (CAN Tanzania) and funded by Bread for the World, 25 participants from Civil Societies Organizations (CSOs) in Tanzania attend the meeting of the national CSOs petition platform organized by CAN Tanzania.
With one language, the petitioners urge the Ministry of Energy and its relevant agencies to stress on the following:
- Promotion of the productive use of energy for income generation in order to break the vicious circle of low income leading to poor access to RE services.
- Harmonization of policies addressing issues on Renewable Energy utilization in order to ensure timely implementation of the planned energy projects.
- Have energy desk representatives at district and village level to reduce the energy information gap from national to community levels.
- Cooperating with the private sectors on promoting the off-grid solutions which will even cut the infrastructure cost (transition and distribution cost).
- The Government under the Ministry of Energy, in a joint effort with national energy stakeholders and development partners, should develop a stand-alone RE policy
- Create mutual cooperation between the government, agencies, private sectors and CSOs for easy RE accelerating.
- Create a mechanism for the rural community to adopt RE technology for income generating activities.
- Rural Energy Agency (REA), on its role of electrifying rural areas and facilitating project developers on implementing projects, should also allocate funds for income generating activities and capacity development program for the project’s sustainability.
- Awareness raising with practical instrumental support in facilitating from local and international Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), private sector and governmental institution.