Low Carbon Development
While growth of many cities is associated with improved social and economic services, there are manifold such as social and cultural opportunities and crisis of overwhelmed resources and infrastructures. Embracing Low Carbon Development (LCD) is key, and we envision to ensure that with all the reasons and pull factors for fast-growing cities, the low carbon pathways remain to be a key focus based on the fact that urbanization processes in most cases leads into serious air, water, and noise pollution and including loss of biodiversity. If this will remain unchecked, the health and welfare of inhabitants and the long-term future of urban communities will exacerbate greenhouse gases emission and hinder efforts for prospered cities in a low carbon pathway. CAN Tanzania in collaboration with other experts on the same topics will prioritize thoroughly researches and advocacy works for interventions that describes sustainability in terms of urban energy, water, waste and transport systems before their limits in a continuous bases
Being among the valuable natural resources to human activities e.g. (agriculture or living), land use will remain in debates in different parts of Tanzania and in the world. In the context of climate change, vegetation and biodiversity which are key components of the land cover, is currently facing challenges based on different uses by different community groups. GHGs emission in Tanzania is mainly to be from land use change, whereas forestry, energy and agriculture are sectors taking lead on this matter. Despite less emission of GHGs in agriculture compared to other sectors, we envision to pay a special attention on land use focusing on crop farming, livestock keeping and biomass energy generation, in order to reduce the emission from agriculture which is the mostly practiced activity taking place on Land in the country.
The Tanzanian mainland is estimated to have a total of 48 million ha of forest, which is 51 per cent of the total area, with woodlands occupying about 90 per cent of the total forest area and the remainder being shared by mangrove forests, montane forests, small patches of coastal forests, and plantations of softwood and hardwood (NAFORMA, 2014). On the other hand, the drivers of deforestation in Tanzania are expansion of agricultural activities, (including shifting cultivation), wildfires, lack of clearly defined boundaries, illegal logging, livestock grazing, unsustainable charcoal production for domestic and industrial use, lack of systematic management, and introduction of alien and invasive species. Our programmes therefore will emphasize on action researches to ensure that the forestry sector is not only sustainably managed, but also to remain firm in sequestering GHGs instead of hindering the efforts to pursue the low carbon development pathways
The transport sector is one of the key areas where the low carbon pathways focuses with strong concerns. In Tanzania the sector is not mush pronounced when it comes for green development and emission reduction, thought a lot remains to be done to catch up the high speed of increased transport means, which are not likely to contribute on low carbon development. We will therefore capitalize on seeking and advocating for sustainable approaches that minimizes urban sprawl, reduce city center traffic, preserve and provide easily accessible and affordable public transit. This will include suggestion to urban planning authorities and practitioners to ensure that there are well-planned, easily-navigable, efficient, and environmentally-responsible transportation system which may accommodate up to 85% of city’s population. We will again call for actions on investing on extensive renewable sources of energy sources in the transport systems to ensure that the transport sector contributes on others sector like poverty reduction, environmental friendly industries, expanding green spaces; and used preserved historical areas to revitalize neighborhoods and growth of tourism.
NDCs & LEDSs
The National Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDSs) are the foundations of international climate policies as they include the targets and measures that each party commits to reduce GHG emissions with the Paris Agreement. These topics are among the research agenda and basically an integral part in implementing the 5 years organization strategy. We will strive to ensure that these threats are globally defined due to climate change impacts to be rooted in the greenhouse gas emissions, and in localized terms but widespread due to land degradation and deforestation due to intensive agriculture in the global south. With this situation, people are also facing social and economic transformations. Our motivation to embark on address vulnerability and risk due to climate change grew from key activities and interactions that we have encountered and still happening on our focus of attention to build the community resilience for sustainable development.