Poverty and Livelihood
Climate change, livelihood and poverty nexus
Climate change and poverty are locked in a vicious cycle while livelihood falling on the core of the impacts. It is however clear that in the first place, socioeconomic inequalities determine the disproportionate adverse effects of climate hazards on people using livelihoods as the key determinant. It is therefore true that the impact of climate hazards in turn results in greater poverty, as they affect the poor and vulnerable groups disproportionately by exacerbating their exposure to those impacts, including increased susceptibility of their key livelihood activities to the impacts. This is further worsened by the low adaptive capacities facing most of the vulnerable poor to cope with and recover from perturbation. Addressing the root causes of this vicious cycle require a range of climate change and development policies, plans and strategies which builds strong foundations for transformative change and sustainable development by taking the majority at the core of the solutions and interventions.
In defining the concept “Livelihood” in the context of climate change, it is difficult to leave aside what we call “livelihood assets. On the same bases, livelihoods and household resilience are built in the five livelihood capitals namely natural capital, social-political capital, human capital, physical capital and financial capital. Our approach therefore, is to embrace this reality with the idea that, the capitals are key determinants of how vulnerable community' sustainably responds to the impacts of climate change. Management and sustainable utilization of natural resources and assets ownership are our key focus to sensitize the community, respective institutions and authorities that it is the livelihood capitals that forms the bases for adaptation to climate change.